Prednisone instructions

Discussion in 'Canadian Family Pharmacy' started by GordOleg, 26-Aug-2019.

  1. TolkniUA Guest

    Prednisone instructions


    It comes as an immediate-release tablet, a delayed-release tablet, and a liquid solution. Prednisone delayed-release tablet is available as a generic drug and as the brand-name drug Rayos. The immediate-release tablet is only available as a generic drug. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as the brand-name drug. It’s approved to treat: Prednisone works by weakening your immune system. This action blocks chemicals that normally cause inflammation as part of your body’s immune response, and can help decrease inflammation in many parts of your body. If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Day 1: 10 mg PO before breakfast, 5 mg after lunch and after dinner, and 10 mg at bedtime Day 2: 5 mg PO before breakfast, after lunch, and after dinner and 10 mg at bedtime Day 3: 5 mg PO before breakfast, after lunch, after dinner, and at bedtime Day 4: 5 mg PO before breakfast, after lunch, and at bedtime Day 5: 5 mg PO before breakfast and at bedtime Day 6: 5 mg PO before breakfast Immediate-release: ≤10 mg/day PO added to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) Delayed-release: 5 mg/day PO initially; maintenance: lowest dosage that maintains clinical response; may be taken at bedtime to decrease morning stiffness with rheumatoid arthritis Take with meal or snack High-dose glucocorticoids may cause insomnia; immediate-release formulation is typically administered in morning to coincide with circadian rhythm Delayed-release formulation takes about 4 hours to release active substances; thus, with this formulation, timing of dose should take into account delayed-release pharmacokinetics and disease or condition being treated (eg, may be taken at bedtime to decrease morning stiffness with rheumatoid arthritis) Allergic: Anaphylaxis, angioedema Cardiovascular: Bradycardia, cardiac arrest, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac enlargement, circulatory collapse, congestive heart failure, fat embolism, hypertension, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in premature infants, myocardial rupture after recent myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, syncope, tachycardia, thromboembolism, thrombophlebitis, vasculitis Dermatologic: Acne, allergic dermatitis, cutaneous and subcutaneous atrophy, dry scalp, edema, facial erythema, hyper- or hypopigmentation, impaired wound healing, increased sweating, petechiae and ecchymoses, rash, sterile abscess, striae, suppressed reactions to skin tests, thin fragile skin, thinning scalp hair, urticaria Endocrine: Abnormal fat deposits, decreased carbohydrate tolerance, development of cushingoid state, hirsutism, manifestations of latent diabetes mellitus and increased requirements for insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents in diabetics, menstrual irregularities, moon facies, secondary adrenocortical and pituitary unresponsiveness (particularly in times of stress, as in trauma, surgery, or illness), suppression of growth in children Fluid and electrolyte disturbances: Fluid retention, potassium loss, hypertension, hypokalemic alkalosis, sodium retention Gastrointestinal: Abdominal distention, elevation of serum liver enzymes levels (usually reversible upon discontinuance), hepatomegaly, hiccups, malaise, nausea, pancreatitis, peptic ulcer with possible perforation and hemorrhage, ulcerative esophagitis General: Increased appetite and weight gain Metabolic: Negative nitrogen balance due to protein catabolism Musculoskeletal: Osteonecrosis of femoral and humeral heads, Charcot-like arthropathy, loss of muscle mass, muscle weakness, osteoporosis, pathologic fracture of long bones, steroid myopathy, tendon rupture, vertebral compression fractures Neurologic: Arachnoiditis, convulsions, depression, emotional instability, euphoria, headache, increased intracranial pressure with papilledema (pseudotumor cerebri; usually following discontinuance of treatment), insomnia, meningitis, mood swings, neuritis, neuropathy, paraparesis/paraplegia, paresthesia, personality changes, sensory disturbances, vertigo Ophthalmic: Exophthalmos, glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, posterior subcapsular cataracts, central serous chorioretinopathy Reproductive: Alteration in motility and number of spermatozoa Untreated serious infections Documented hypersensitivity Varicella Administration of live or attenuated live vaccine (Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) state that administration of live virus vaccines usually is not contraindicated in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy as short-term ( Monitor for hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing syndrome, and hyperglycemia Prolonged use associated with increased risk of infection; monitor Use with caution in cirrhosis, ocular herpes simplex, hypertension, diverticulitis, hypothyroidism, myasthenia gravis, peptic ulcer disease, osteoporosis, ulcerative colitis, psychotic tendencies, renal insufficiency, pregnancy, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, thromboembolic disorders, GI disorders Long-term treatment associated with increased risk of osteoporosis, myopathy, delayed wound healing Patients receiving corticosteroids should avoid chickenpox or measles-infected persons if unvaccinated Latent tuberculosis may be reactivated (patients with positive tuberculin test should be monitored) Some suggestion (not fully substantiated) of slightly increased cleft palate risk if corticosteroids are used in pregnancy Methylprednisolone is preferred in hepatic impairment because prednisone must be converted to prednisolone in liver Prolonged corticosteroid use may result in elevated intraocular pressure, glaucoma, or cataracts May cause impairment of mineralocorticoid secretion; administer mineralocorticoid concomitantly May cause psychiatric disturbances; monitor for behavioral and mood changes; may exacerbate pre-existing psychiatric conditions Monitor for Kaposi sarcoma Pregnancy category: C (immediate release); D (delayed release) Drug may cause fetal harm and decreased birth weight; maternal corticosteroid use during first trimester increases incidence of cleft lip with or without cleft palate Lactation: Of maternal serum metabolites, 5-25% are found in breast milk; not recommended, or, if benefit outweighs risk, use lowest dose Glucocorticosteroid; elicits mild mineralocorticoid activity and moderate anti-inflammatory effects; controls or prevents inflammation by controlling rate of protein synthesis, suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and fibroblasts, reversing capillary permeability, and stabilizing lysosomes at cellular level; in physiologic doses, corticosteroids are administered to replace deficient endogenous hormones; in larger (pharmacologic) doses, they decrease inflammation The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

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    Your doctor will order regular lab tests to check your response to prednisone and monitor for toxicity. You will need to have your blood sugar checked regularly. Your doctor may order additional tests depending on the results. For additional information on prednisone, please visit Medscape - Anti-inflammatory-specific dosing for Prednisone Intensol prednisone, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation schedules, and cost information. Prednisone oral tablet is a prescription drug used to treat inflammation from. to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions.

    Prednisone is part of a class of drugs called immunosuppressants. It suppresses the body's immune response and reduces inflammation in your lungs. Because inflammation is the precursor to fibrosis (scarring), we hope prednisone will prevent the formation of lung fibrosis and allow the inflamed lung to return to normal. Before taking prednisone: Prednisone may increase the risk that you will develop osteoporosis. Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking prednisone and about things that you can do to decrease the chance that you will develop osteoporosis. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while you are taking this medication. Your doctor will order regular lab tests to check your response to prednisone and monitor for toxicity. You will need to have your blood sugar checked regularly. Prednisone is a corticosteroid (steroid), but different from anabolic steroids. Corticosteroids, unlike steroids, are not used by bodybuilders and athletes to build muscle. Prednisone is widely used in the treatment of many other conditions, including multiple sclerosis, asthma, ulcerative colitis, skin diseases, lupus and severe allergies. Prednisone is also for dogs and cats as a corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory arthritis and boost the immune system. There are two types of corticosteroids: mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids. Prednisone is a glucocorticoid, a medication known for its impressive anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects. As a rule, in the case of stress and inflammation, the human body and the adrenal glands produce cortisone, which combats inflammation in the body.

    Prednisone instructions

    Deltasone Prednisone Side Effects, Interactions, Warning., Prednisone Intensol prednisone dosing, indications.

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  7. Prednisone is a glucocorticoid medication mostly used to suppress the immune system and decrease inflammation in conditions such as asthma, COPD.

    • Prednisone - Wikipedia.
    • Prednisone Side Effects, Dosage, Uses, and More - Healthline.
    • Prednisone By mouth - National Library of Medicine..

    Prednisone tablets, USP contain prednisone which is a glucocorticoid. Glucocorticoids are adrenocortical steroids, both naturally occurring and synthetic, which are readily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The chemical name for prednisone is pregna-1,4-diene-3,11,20-trione monohydrate, 17,21-dihydroxy-. Prednisone is intended for oral administration only. Adults The initial dose is 5mg to 80mg daily depending on the condition being treated, as a single dose after breakfast, as divided doses, or as a double dose on Medscape - Anti-inflammatory-specific dosing for Prednisone Intensol prednisone, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions.

     
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